Dentists aim to prevent and treat irregularities in the jaw and misalignment of the teeth that are the result of genetics, or develop in accordance with a child’s habits. The best way to achieve these goals is to have your child evaluated by a dentist as early as age seven; however, children with noticeable facial irregularities may benefit from preventive orthodontic treatment several years earlier.
Dentists are highly trained to notice minute problems with emerging teeth and jaw growth – even if a mixture of baby teeth and permanent teeth are present. While the untrained eye might fail to spot these irregularities, an orthodontic check-up allows for early detection of problems and development of efficient treatment plans.
Some of the key signs that an orthodontic problem is present are as follows:
Difficulty chewing and biting
Jaws that click, shift or make noise as they move
Asymmetry in the face due to disproportionate jaws
Finger and thumb sucking
Bite misalignment (arches of teeth that do not meet properly)
Common Orthodontic Problems for Children
Children often experience overcrowding, jaw growth irregularities, protruding teeth and teeth that are too widely spaced. While some problems are inherited, main causes of acquired orthodontic irregularities are:
Inadequate nutrition or dental hygiene problems
Medical problems, such as birth defects
Habits such as thumb or finger sucking
Breathing through the mouth
Earlier or later loss of baby teeth than is considered normal